Disruptive digital technologies and the consequent economic and socio-political transformations have changed the definition of authority, especially in the fast-growing cyberspace. This have made it a crucial moment for almost all nation-states to rethink about their regulation means and power, essentially in such a global chaotic environment. During the last decade, Iran has witnessed a considerable development of online businesses and digital platforms in parallel with the establishment of several public institutions and para-governmental entities, such as Supreme Council of Cyberspace, Science and Technology Vice-Presidency, Parliamentary Committee of Cyberspace and Information Technology Organization, to maintain lines of national authority. This has in turn led to a significant set of regulations and legal instructions, ranging from purely economic approaches to more governance-related ones. Today, having a plethora of digital platforms and ICT start-ups in the Iranian innovation ecosystem, and a multitude of regulatory bodies, it is time to get serious about their impacts on the whole regulatory system. This may also explain how Iran’s national sovereignty is maintained in the age of data and the global tech giants like Facebook and YouTube. It’s time to deal with:
“How can national sovereignty survive in the face with global tech giants such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter which simultaneously violate the social (National Identity) and economic (Domestic Market) borders of each state”.